Madagascar is an island state located in the Indian Ocean, off the east coast of Africa, facing Mozambique.
It is one of the largest island of the world and houses more than the 5% of the global animal species.
The climate of Madagascar is tropical, but varies from local to locality. The eastern area, because of its exposure to the monsoon flows, is very rainy and is often also driven by cyclones. While, in the West and in the South, the climate is subdesert.
What about temperatures?
Generally, temperatures are high throughout the year. But in the mountain areas the climate is hot in summer and cold in winter. The rains are concentrated from November to March in the whole country except the southern zone: here the rains are very rare.
Malagasy is the official language of Madagascar, but even French is spoken in this country because of the influences of the past.
This country has as main activities the agriculture, ecotourism and private business (for instance the textile manufacturing).
Madagascar imports raw materials, fuels, machinery, industrial equipment and chemicals while it exports primary and mineral products.
In 2005, the country announced that it had discovered oil deposits, a resource that could play an important role in the economic growth of the African island
Even if there are these elements of commercial exchange, the trade balance is in deficit.
In fact, the industrial sector is underdeveloped and the benefits are not equally distributed among the population.
Accordingly, Madagascar is considerated one of the poorest country of the world.
In Madagascar there is a sort of ethnic mosaic because of the various influences caused by historical events.
Arab, Indian, and European influences are visible in the coastal area. While, a minority of people (mainly located on the highlands), has some somatic and cultural features that relates to the Asian.
The most common means of transport is the taxi-brousse, a bussines with a capacity of 15 people, covering large and medium distances. In case of long journeys, it is desirable to book the place, which is important for drivers who are waiting for the car to be fully booked before leaving.
In addition, there are four main railway lines in Madagascar. Nevertheless, network maintenance is unsatisfactory and the inconveniences are part of the daily routine.
There is also the presence of taxis: but they are very expensive for the majority of the population.
The mobile phone market is already liberalized and highly competitive. Three French-language newspapers are published in Madagascar.
However, as in the majority of the African countries, radio and television are the main means of disseminating information, especially in rural areas.
Food and drinks:
The main dish of Madagascar is rice.
The inhabitants eat this meal frequently and they accompained it with other ingredients such as chicken, pork, fish or zebù.
Also fruit has its own importance: there is a large production of pineapples, mango and banas, which are the main tropical fruit.
About the drinks, Tuaka gasy, wines, Betsabetsa, Rhum and beer are the main protagonists.
Antananarivo is the capital of Madagascar. Here there is the major concentration of population because of it offers various services. For instance, in terms of culture, it houses an important University and the “Collège rural d’Ambatobe”.
While, from a religious perspective, Antananarivo is a multi-ethnic city: there are about fifty churches and a Muslim mosque.
During the last fifty years (before their independence of the 1960), this city has seen an interesting development, mainly in terms of transport. In fact, it has really improved its railing and airport services.